Standard Variable Rate Mortgage
With this mortgage, your payments will go up and down as the lender's standard variable rate goes up or down. Usually any changes in the lenders variable rate will be in line with movements in the Bank of England base rate. The Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee reviews this rate on a monthly basis.
Is it right for me?
Yes - if you can afford to pay more when mortgage interest rates go up and want to take advantage of lower payments if rates fall.
No - if during the early years you would be unable to cope if repayments increased because of rising interest rates.
Base Rate Tracker Mortgage
This is similar to a variable rate mortgage. But the interest rate will go up and down exactly in line with any changes in the Bank of England base rate. Your mortgage payments will go up and down too as the interest rate changes. The tracker period is usually for a specified time, which can be from one year up to the lifetime of the mortgage loan. At the end of the tracker period, your mortgage interest rate will change to the lenders standard variable rate. This product may carry an early repayment charge.
Is it right for me?
Yes - if you want to be sure your mortgage rate falls by the same amount as the Bank of England base rate falls, but the drawback is the mortgage rate also rises in step when the base rate increases.
No - if you find yourself locked into a rate above the base rate, which may be higher than the standard variable rate.
Fixed Rate Mortgage
Your mortgage interest rate is fixed for a set period only, during which your mortgage payments will stay the same. At the end of the fixed rate period, your mortgage interest rate will change to the lender's standard variable rate. Fixed rate mortgages are usually available for between one and ten years, however they can be available for longer periods depending on market conditions. This product may carry an early repayment charge.
Is it right for me?
Yes - if you need to budget with certainty for the next few years, or you think mortgage interest rates will rise, or both.
No - probably not if you think mortgage interest rates will fall.
Defining home loans
Home loans are not much different from the average loans extended by mortgage loan companies. They've interest rates, points and fees. They can be compared online, and they've seasonal trends. The only real difference is that, as a borrower with a less than stellar credit record, you may have to pay a slightly higher rate for this loan to negate the mortgage loan company's increased risk.
Some home loans are specifically designed to help you fund essential home improvement projects. By encouraging you to make improvements to your home, the mortgage loan company helps increase the market value of your property. But, how does a mortgage loan company stand to gain by extending such a loan? Simple, it makes money through additional interest that you pay for this loan.
Thus, it is important to prepare yourself with information about home loans and compare the offers of various mortgage loan companies to make sure you get the best deal.
Advantages of mortgage loan companies
There are a few things you need to know about mortgage loan companies. These companies specialize in providing home loans for people like you, who are in less than ideal situations. For this, a mortgage loan company takes risks that the average bank refuses, namely offering home loans to people with bad credit. If you have bad credit or declared bankruptcy, a mortgage loan company takes a big risk by extending this loan. People with bad credit are seven times more likely to default on loans. As a result, these companies make up for this risk by levying higher interest rates and fees and also ensure they make a profit. But the end result is that you get the loan, which you may not have raised from other avenues. However, the smart thing to do is to cast your net wide while short-listing such mortgage loan companies..
The choice of whether a fixed rate, variable, discounted, capped or tracker rate mortgage is more appropriate to your needs, will take careful consideration. The article that follows provides a breakdown of the individual rates with their advantages and disadvantages as based on your attitude to risk, not all types of mortgage will be suitable.
When considering which type of mortgage product is suitable for your needs, it pays to consider your attitude to risk, as those with a cautious attitude to risk may find a fixed or capped rate more appropriate, whereas those with a more adventurous attitude to risk may find a tracker rate that fluctuates up and down more appealing.
Following is a description of the different mortgage rate options along with a summary of the main advantages and disadvantages for each option.
Fixed Rate Mortgages
With a fixed rate mortgage you can lock into a fixed repayment cost that will not fluctuate up or down with movements in the Bank of England base rate, or the lenders Standard Variable Rate. The most popular fixed rate mortgages are 2, 3 and 5 year fixed rates, but fixed rates of between 10 years and 30 years are now more common at reasonable rates. As a general rule of thumb, the longer the fixed rate period the higher the interest rate. Similarly lower fixed rates are applicable when the loan to value falls below 75% whereas mortgages arranged for 85% or 90% of the property value will incur a much higher mortgage rate.
Having the peace of mind that your mortgage payment will not rise with increases in the base rate. This makes budgeting easier for the fixed rate period selected, and can be advantageous to first time buyers or those stretching themselves to the maximum affordable payment.
The monthly repayment will remain the same even when the economic environment sees the Bank of England and lenders reducing their base rates. In these circumstances where the fixed rate ends up costing more, remembering why the initial decision was made to select a fixed rate, can be helpful.